How Do Stocks Work in 2022? Here’s What You Need To Know

A stock represents a means for companies to raise capital outside of a regular revenue stream.

Companies start as privately held and are not listed on any stock exchange. Its leaders must decide to start selling shares to the general public through an initial public offering (IPO).

Companies have a finite number of shares, and any investor wanting to buy stock has to decide if the price justifies a purchase.

Successful companies that have paved the way for increased profits over time tend to look suitable for investing.

There are a few basic ways to make money from investing in stocks. You can make the stock market work for you, buy and sell for quick capital gains, or grab stocks that pay dividends.

When you buy stocks at low prices and selling when prices are higher results in a capital gain, earning you the difference between the buy and sell price.

Stock dividends represent an amount of cash per share. Companies typically pay dividends quarterly. Companies have no obligation to pay out dividends.

There are two avenues investors can pursue when looking at stocks: direct ownership and indirect ownership.

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